Module details for Principles of Biomedical Science

Description

This module introduces the fundamental principles of scientific discovery in the context of medicine.

Aims

The aim of this Module is to provide the student with an understanding of scientific methodology in the context of medicine and bioscience with an emphasis on the science of clinical trials and epidemiology.

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this module the student should be able to:

1.  Demonstrate an understanding of scientific research principles in the context of medicine and bioscience. 

2.  Demonstrate an understanding of concepts of clinical studies and epidemiology in the context of medicine and bioscience

Indicative Content

1 Scientific Research Principles

Scientific inquiry. Hypothesis testing. Construction of theories. Models of inquiry. Communication of findings. Scientific community. Reliability and replication. Science wars. Research ethics. Scientific integrity and misconduct.

2 Clinical Trials and Epidemiology

Introduction to clinical trials and epidemiological concepts. Types of study, including case control studies, cohort studies, cross-sectional, randomised control trials. Error and bias. Evaluation of strategies to treat and prevent illness. Statement on Teaching, Learning and Assessment The The clinical studies and epidemiology assignment will encapsulate a scenario-based approach.

Lucee 5.3.7.48 Error (database)
Message ORA-00936: missing expression
SQL SELECT semester, itemno, icbody
FROM module_ic_body
WHERE code = 'LSC103'
AND occurence != 'F'
AND semester = 'S1'
AND itemno =
AND ROWNUM <= 1
DatabaseName Oracle
DatabaseVersion Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options
DriverName Oracle JDBC driver
DriverVersion 12.1.0.2.0
Datasource sip2
Stacktrace The Error Occurred in
C:\inetpub\wwwroot\applications\external\modules\module.cfm: line 148
146: <CFIF #isDefined("term")# AND #term# NEQ "">AND semester = '#term#'</cfif>
147: AND itemno = #itemno#
148: AND ROWNUM <= 1
149: </cfquery>
150:

Java Stacktrace lucee.runtime.exp.DatabaseException: ORA-00936: missing expression
 
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer.processError(T4CTTIoer.java:450)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer.processError(T4CTTIoer.java:399)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4C8Oall.processError(T4C8Oall.java:1059)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.receive(T4CTTIfun.java:522)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.doRPC(T4CTTIfun.java:257)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4C8Oall.doOALL(T4C8Oall.java:587)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CStatement.doOall8(T4CStatement.java:210)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CStatement.doOall8(T4CStatement.java:30)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CStatement.executeForDescribe(T4CStatement.java:762)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleStatement.executeMaybeDescribe(OracleStatement.java:925)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleStatement.doExecuteWithTimeout(OracleStatement.java:1111)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleStatement.executeInternal(OracleStatement.java:1792)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleStatement.execute(OracleStatement.java:1745)
  at oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleStatementWrapper.execute(OracleStatementWrapper.java:334)
  at lucee.runtime.type.util.QueryUtil.execute(QueryUtil.java:319)
  at lucee.runtime.type.QueryImpl.execute(QueryImpl.java:273)
  at lucee.runtime.type.QueryImpl.(QueryImpl.java:227)
  at lucee.runtime.tag.Query.executeDatasoure(Query.java:1112)
  at lucee.runtime.tag.Query._doEndTag(Query.java:686)
  at lucee.runtime.tag.Query.doEndTag(Query.java:553)
  at module_cfm$cf$lm.call(/module.cfm:148)
  at lucee.runtime.PageContextImpl._doInclude(PageContextImpl.java:914)
  at lucee.runtime.PageContextImpl._doInclude(PageContextImpl.java:837)
  at lucee.runtime.listener.ClassicAppListener._onRequest(ClassicAppListener.java:64)
  at lucee.runtime.listener.MixedAppListener.onRequest(MixedAppListener.java:43)
  at lucee.runtime.PageContextImpl.execute(PageContextImpl.java:2416)
  at lucee.runtime.PageContextImpl._execute(PageContextImpl.java:2406)
  at lucee.runtime.PageContextImpl.executeCFML(PageContextImpl.java:2381)
  at lucee.runtime.engine.Request.exe(Request.java:43)
  at lucee.runtime.engine.CFMLEngineImpl._service(CFMLEngineImpl.java:1170)
  at lucee.runtime.engine.CFMLEngineImpl.serviceCFML(CFMLEngineImpl.java:1116)
  at lucee.loader.engine.CFMLEngineWrapper.serviceCFML(CFMLEngineWrapper.java:97)
  at lucee.loader.servlet.CFMLServlet.service(CFMLServlet.java:51)
  at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:733)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:227)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162)
  at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:53)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:202)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:97)
  at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:542)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:143)
  at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:92)
  at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:78)
  at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:357)
  at org.apache.coyote.ajp.AjpProcessor.service(AjpProcessor.java:433)
  at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessorLight.process(AbstractProcessorLight.java:65)
  at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$ConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:893)
  at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1707)
  at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketProcessorBase.run(SocketProcessorBase.java:49)
  at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1128)
  at java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:628)
  at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
  at java.base/java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:829)
 
Timestamp 15/05/2021 03:28:37 BST