Module details for Advanced Procedural Methods


This module develops an understanding of various techniques and associated mathematics used to generate procedural content in games, tools and common media editing packages. In addition students are also taught advanced graphics and GPGPU techniques.


The aim of this module is to provide the student with: the knowledge to create and correctly apply procedural techniques, with an understanding of the underpinning mathematics to solve problems in computer graphics and content generation pipelines while building experience developing game applications.

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this module the student should be able to:

1.  Critically evaluate Procedural techniques for use in game and tool development.

2.  Describe and implement advanced 3D graphics effects.

3.  Develop a 3D graphics application using procedural content generation, advanced graphics effects and gameplay.

Indicative Content

1 Background to procedural content generation

History of procedural effects in games and CGI with modern day context and application.

2 Random Procedural Techniques

Overview and evaluation of basic random generation techniques with applicability for terrain generation.

3 Perlin Noise

Review and evaluation of Perlin noise as the cornerstone of advanced procedural generation techniques and a ubiquitous technology in the film and game industry.

4 Advanced Deterministic Procedural Techniques

Overview of Fractals and Fractal techniques as a basis. Review and evaluation of Fractal based techniques such as fractional Brownian motion derived from Perlin noise with application in terrain generation and beyond.

5 Procedural Animation

Review and evaluate methods procedural animation of objects in runtime and overview of current technologies used in advanced simulation and destruction.

6 Growth systems

Overview of growth systems for modelling objects such as plants and other similar procedural structures.

7 Dungeons and Level Generation

Critically review techniques applied to creation of other procedural assets such as methods for creating dungeons and other common game content.

8 Quaternions

Their algebra and representation of 3D rotations for scene interaction and gameplay

9 Ray Tracing and Collision Detention

Intersection of rays and various 3D objects, modelling reflection and refraction using vectors. Bounding volumes, detecting collisions between various 3D objects. Can be used for scene interaction and gameplay.

Teaching and Learning Work Loads

Teaching and Learning Method Hours
Lecture 12
Tutorial/Seminar 0
Practical Activity 24
Assessment 60
Independent 104
Total 200

Guidance notes

SCQF Level - The Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework provides an indication of the complexity of award qualifications and associated learning and operates on an ascending numeric scale from Levels 1-12 with SCQF Level 10 equating to a Scottish undergraduate Honours degree.

Credit Value – The total value of SCQF credits for the module. 20 credits are the equivalent of 10 ECTS credits. A full-time student should normally register for 60 SCQF credits per semester.


We make every effort to ensure that the information on our website is accurate but it is possible that some changes may occur prior to the academic year of entry. The modules listed in this catalogue are offered subject to availability during academic year 2021/22 , and may be subject to change for future years.