SCQF Level: 07
Module Code: SPS102
Credit Value: 20
Term: Term 2
School: School of Social and Health Sciences
Introduction to physiology
The aim of this Module is to provide the student with basic physiological knowledge and it's application to exercise physiology.
By the end of this module the student should be able to:
1. Describe homeostasis in the human body using selected examples and use this knowledge to demonstrate, at a basic level, control of physiological systems at rest and during exercise.
2. Describe structures and functions of the nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, GI and neuromuscular systems.
3. Know the main fuels used by the body and describe, at a basic level, how these are utilised by the body at rest and in different states of feeding and activity.
Homeostasis defined. Membrane transport, intercellular communication, action potential generation and examples of homeostatic control
2 Cardiorespiratory system
Anatomy and basic physiology of circulatory and respiratory systems including: structure function of the heart and blood vessels. Heart rate and cardiac contraction, stroke volume and cardiac output Blood pressure. Venous return. Distribution of blood flow. Composition of blood, carriage of gasses in blood. Ventilation. Oxygen and Carbon dioxide transport. Introduction to acid/base balance.
3 Neuromuscular system
Nervous system and muscle contraction. Skeletal muscle structure. Muscle fibre types. Muscle contraction, length/tension and force/velocity relationships, gradation of contraction, sliding filament theory. Basic structures of the nervous system. Motor and sensory nerves.
4 Digestion, Bioenergetics and metabolism
Major food groups, macro and micronutrients. How the body breaks down food. Use of carbohydrates and fats as fuels to provide energy at rest and during exercise.
Statement on Teaching, Learning and Assessment
Lab based learning will be utilised to bring physiological concepts to life.
Teaching and Learning Work Loads
|Supervised Practical Activity||12|
|Unsupervised Practical Activity||0|
Credit Value – The total value of SCQF credits for the module. 20 credits are the equivalent of 10 ECTS credits. A full-time student should normally register for 60 SCQF credits per semester.